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Saturday, 25 April 2015

Cerro Patapo - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Cerro Patapo
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Peru
Period:    Pre-Inca
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    600AD - 699AD
City/Town:    Patapo
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Chiclayo,




Cerro Patapo history
Cerro Patapo is an archaeological site near Chiclayo in Peru which houses the remains of a city of the Wari Empire. This empire, which ruled much of the Andes, had a presence in Peru from approximately 600 AD to 1100 AD.
Only discovered in 2008, Cerro Patapo was a vitally important find, creating a chronological connection between the Wari and the preceding Moche Empire, which existed from 100 AD to 600 AD.
The Wari city at Cerro Patapo stretches for approximately three miles and is believed to have been the site of human sacrifices. Amongst the finds at Cerro Patapo, archaeologists found the remains of a woman as well as ceramic pieces and clothing.


The Cerro Pátapo ruins or Northern Wari ruins are the remains of an entire prehistoric city relatively near the site of present-day Chiclayo, Peru. The ruins are primarily of the Wari (Huari) culture, which flourished from 350 CE to 1000 CE in the area along the coast and reaching to the highlands.
The discovery was announced on 16 December 2008 by the lead archeologist, Cesar Soriano. The ruins both present the first evidence of Wari influence found in Northern Peru and by their quality and extent, show this was an important site. Located 14 miles (23 km) from Chiclayo, the ruins stretch over an area of 3 miles (4.8 km).The Wari pre-Columbian civilization was predominantly based in south-central Peru between the 7th and 12th centuries (600 to 1100 CE.) It was known for having constructed a network of roads, and had a territory nearly as large as that of the later Inca Empire. Scholars note its complex, distinctive architecture, monuments and roadbuilding as evidence that it was an empire


Discovery
The city was part of the Wari Empire, which ruled parts of the Andes mountains, mostly in south-central Peru, between the 7th and 12th centuries CE. The site is remarkably well preserved due to the dry desert climate. Among the artifacts are pottery sherds. The site includes evidence of human sacrifice, with special spots set aside and a pile of bones at the bottom of a cliff. Well-preserved remains have been found of one young woman.The ruins are expected to help scholars fill the gap in knowledge about pre-Columbian South America, which was dominated by the Wari culture and the earlier Moche culture. The Moche began at AD 100 and perished around AD 600.Earlier in August 2008, archeologists at the Huaca Pucllana ruins in Lima (located some 500 miles or 800 kilometres south of Chiclayo) discovered a mummy that is also thought to be Wari. This was a more typical location for such a find, within the territory known to be Wari.

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