Wednesday, 29 April 2015

Chacchoben - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Chacchoben
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Mexico
Period:    Maya
Sub-Region:    Central America
Date:    700AD - 799AD
City/Town:    Chacchoben
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Chacchoben,

Chacchoben history
Chacchoben is a Maya site in Mexico housing some impressive pyramid temples.
The exact history of Chacchoben is unclear. Most sources date its pyramids to around 700AD (some say 300AD), although the Mayas are said to have been present at Chacchoben long before this, perhaps as early as 200BC.
Chacchoben is quite a popular tourist site, with several tour companies operating here.

 Temple Pyramid at Chacchoben, August, 2007

 View of the ruins at Chacchoben from the air

 Temple Pyramid at Chacchoben from tourist pathway

 Chacchoben Maya Ruins

Ruins in jungles, Chacchoben

Saturday, 25 April 2015

Cerro Patapo - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Cerro Patapo
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Peru
Period:    Pre-Inca
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    600AD - 699AD
City/Town:    Patapo
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Chiclayo,

Cerro Patapo history
Cerro Patapo is an archaeological site near Chiclayo in Peru which houses the remains of a city of the Wari Empire. This empire, which ruled much of the Andes, had a presence in Peru from approximately 600 AD to 1100 AD.
Only discovered in 2008, Cerro Patapo was a vitally important find, creating a chronological connection between the Wari and the preceding Moche Empire, which existed from 100 AD to 600 AD.
The Wari city at Cerro Patapo stretches for approximately three miles and is believed to have been the site of human sacrifices. Amongst the finds at Cerro Patapo, archaeologists found the remains of a woman as well as ceramic pieces and clothing.

The Cerro Pátapo ruins or Northern Wari ruins are the remains of an entire prehistoric city relatively near the site of present-day Chiclayo, Peru. The ruins are primarily of the Wari (Huari) culture, which flourished from 350 CE to 1000 CE in the area along the coast and reaching to the highlands.
The discovery was announced on 16 December 2008 by the lead archeologist, Cesar Soriano. The ruins both present the first evidence of Wari influence found in Northern Peru and by their quality and extent, show this was an important site. Located 14 miles (23 km) from Chiclayo, the ruins stretch over an area of 3 miles (4.8 km).The Wari pre-Columbian civilization was predominantly based in south-central Peru between the 7th and 12th centuries (600 to 1100 CE.) It was known for having constructed a network of roads, and had a territory nearly as large as that of the later Inca Empire. Scholars note its complex, distinctive architecture, monuments and roadbuilding as evidence that it was an empire

The city was part of the Wari Empire, which ruled parts of the Andes mountains, mostly in south-central Peru, between the 7th and 12th centuries CE. The site is remarkably well preserved due to the dry desert climate. Among the artifacts are pottery sherds. The site includes evidence of human sacrifice, with special spots set aside and a pile of bones at the bottom of a cliff. Well-preserved remains have been found of one young woman.The ruins are expected to help scholars fill the gap in knowledge about pre-Columbian South America, which was dominated by the Wari culture and the earlier Moche culture. The Moche began at AD 100 and perished around AD 600.Earlier in August 2008, archeologists at the Huaca Pucllana ruins in Lima (located some 500 miles or 800 kilometres south of Chiclayo) discovered a mummy that is also thought to be Wari. This was a more typical location for such a find, within the territory known to be Wari.

Thursday, 23 April 2015

Ceibal - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Ceibal
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:    El Seibal
Country:    Guatemala
Period:    Maya
Sub-Region:    -
Date:     -
City/Town:    San Pablo
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Flores,

Ceibal history
Ceibal or “El Seibal” in El Peten in Guatemala was an ancient Maya settlement probably mostly constructed and inhabited in the Preclassic Period and which is now represented by a set of ruins. Most archaeologists think it was abandoned in the late classic period and then inhabited again at a later date.
Amongst the things to see at Ceibal are a ball court, several stelae (carved stones) which are renowned for being dated fairly late for the Maya civilisation and a few remaining structures such as an impressive round temple. It is quite a large site, although it has comparatively fewer attractions than others in the area.

 Structure A-3 at Seibal

Seibal (Spanish pronunciation: [seiˈβal]), known as El Ceibal in Spanish, is a Classic Period archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the northern Petén Department of Guatemala. It was the largest city in the Pasión River region.
The site was occupied from the Preclassic Period through to the Terminal Classic, with a significant hiatus.The principal phase of occupation dates to the Late Preclassic (400 BC – AD 200), followed by a decline in the Early Classic (AD 200–600). Seibal experienced a significant recovery in the Terminal Classic immediately prior to its complete abandonment, reaching its second peak from about 830 to 890, with a population estimated at 8–10,000 people. The dates on the stelae at Seibal are unusually late, with monuments still being dedicated after the Classic Maya collapse had engulfed most of the Petén region. Many of Seibal's late monuments show artistic influence from central Mexico and from the Gulf Coast of Mexico.
The early history of the site is lost due to the catastrophic defeat of the polity in AD 735 by the nearby Petexbatun kingdom with its capital at Dos Pilas, resulting in the destruction of its earlier sculpted monuments.[8] Seibal was reduced to being a vassal state until the destruction of the Petexbatun kingdom in the late 8th century AD.[9] In AD 830 a new elite installed itself at the site with the arrival of Wat'ul Chatel from Ucanal to the east. This new arrival reinvigorated Seibal and allowed it to last to the dawn of the 10th century, well after the Classic Maya collapse had engulfed most of the region

 Stela 11 at Seibal.

 Maya civilization

 Part of relief at the base of Dos Pilas Stela 16 showing both the Seibal emblem glyph and the face of Yich'aak B'alam

 Detail of Stela 11 at Seibal, showing king Wat'ul Chatel

 Structure A-3

 The unusual circular structure C-79.

Stela 2 at Seibal

Saturday, 11 April 2015

Carthage - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Carthage
Continent:    AFRICA
Alt Name:    Byrsa
Country:    Tunisia
Period:    Carthage
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    200BC - 101BC
City/Town:    Tunis
Figure:    Hannibal
Resorts:    Tunis,

Carthage history...
Carthage was one of the most powerful cities of the ancient world and spawned the powerful Carthaginian Empire which dominated much of the western Mediterranean. The ruins of this famed city can be found on the outskirts of modern day Tunis.
Carthage itself was central to the history of the ancient world. Legend states that the city was founded by the Phoenician Queen Dido in the 9th Century BC and the ancient metropolis certainly rose to prominence over the next 500 years.
However, three long and brutal wars with Rome, known as the Punic Wars, eventually led to the downfall and destruction of Carthage in 146BC. It is said the Romans salted the earth so nothing more could live on the site of the once-dominant city.
Having destroyed the Carthaginian Empire however, the Romans later realised the potential in the strategic location of the site. In the 1st Century AD they re-founded Carthage and it grew to become one of the most important cities of the Roman Empire.
As Rome’s power waned, Carthage was briefly captured by the Vandals in the 5th Century AD before Byzantine forces re-took the city. In 698AD, after many years of hard fighting, the city was finally captured by the forces of the Umayyad Caliphate who founded the new city of Tunis nearby, leaving the ancient metropolis to fade away.
Time has significantly taken its toll on the site and little remains of ancient Carthage today and much of what remains is spread over quite a broad area. The best way to begin exploring these ruins is probably by visiting Byrsa Hill and the Carthage Museum. The museum hosts a collection of Carthaginian (Punic) and Roman artifacts including marble sarcophagi and a model of Punic Carthage.
Other key points of interest include the impressive Antonine Baths, the Roman Amphitheater, Roman villas and reconstructed Roman theatre of Carthage. Among the best preserved Punic remains are the Magon Quarter, Punic Port and unnerving Sanctuary of Tophet.
You can explore all the sites of Carthage on our Carthage Sites Map feature and Carthage also features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Tunisia.

Carthage Pics...

 Mediterranean sea nations in 323 BC.

 Trireme mosaic from Carthage, Bardo Museum, Tunis.

 Carthage electrum coin, c. 250 BC. British Museum.

 Carthaginian dependencies and protectorates through the Punic Wars.

 Carthaginian port

 Punic pendant in the form of a bearded head, 4th–3rd century BC.

 Punic district of Carthage

 Carthaginian coins from c. 310–290 BC showing the wreathed head of Tanit

Stelae on the Tophet

The Carthaginian Republic, also known as the Carthaginian Empire (alternatively "Carthaginian hegemony", or simply "Carthage") was the Phoenician city-state of Carthage and its sphere of influence, which included much of the coast of North Africa as well as substantial parts of coastal Iberia and the islands of the western Mediterranean during the 7th to 3rd centuries BC.
The city, called Qart-ḥadašt (New City) in the Phoenician language, was founded in 814 BC. A dependency of the Phoenician state of Tyre at the time, Carthage gained independence around 650 BC and established its political hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the western Mediterranean, this lasting until the end of the 3rd century BC. At the height of the city's prominence, it was a major hub of trade with trading stations extending throughout the region.
For much of its history, Carthage was on hostile terms with the Greeks on Sicily and the Roman Republic, leading to a series of armed conflicts known as the Greek-Punic Wars and Punic Wars. The city also had to deal with the potentially hostile Berbers, the indigenous inhabitants of the area where Carthage was built. In 146 BC, after the third and final Punic War, Carthage was destroyed and then occupied by Roman forces. Nearly all of the other Phoenician city-states and former Carthaginian dependencies subsequently fell into Roman hands.

Thursday, 9 April 2015

Carranque Archaeological Park - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Carranque Archaeological Park
Continent:    EUROPE
Alt Name:    Parque Arqueologico de Carranque
Country:    Spain
Period:    Ancient Rome
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    300AD - 399AD
City/Town:    Carranque
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Carranque,

Carranque Archaeological Park history
Carranque Archaeological Park (Parque Arqueologico de Carranque) contains a series of Ancient Roman ruins built in the fourth century AD. The site is believed to have a connection with Emperor Theodosius I the Great.
Carranque Archaeological Park is mainly comprised of a well preserved villa - known as the Materno Villa - as well as a nymphaeum (temple) and a basilica. There is also a small ancient burial ground.
A good place to either start or end your trip is at the visitor centre, which contains some of the objects found at the Carranque Archaeological Park as well as models of how it would once have looked.

Carranque contains the site of a Roman villa that is protected as an archeological park by the Castile-La Mancha government. There are three main buildings visible by above-ground remains, the ruins of a Roman mill and a modern interpretation building.
It is located by the River Guadarrama, near a Roman road. It seems to be near the lost city of Titultiam
The buildings date from the late fourth century and are thought to belong to a "Villa of Maternus Cinigius", the uncle of Theodosius. Theodosius I, Roman emperor, who was born in Hispania. In 1983 a local peasant, Samuel López Iglesias, found a series of mosaic floors while plowing in the fields known as las Suertes de Abajo.
The interpretation facility exhibits objects found during the excavations

Carranque Archaeological Park Pics...


Tuesday, 7 April 2015

Cappadocia Underground Cities - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Cappadocia Underground Cities
Continent:    MIDDLE-EAST
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Turkey
Period:    Ancient Rome
Sub-Region:    -
Date:    300AD - 399AD
City/Town:    Nevsehir
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Nevsehir, Aksaray, Kayseri,

Cappadocia Underground Cities history
The Cappadocia Underground Cities, found mostly in the Nevsehir region in central Turkey, are a series of magnificent subterranean cities built by the Troglodytes or ‘cave goers’. Of the almost forty known Cappadocia underground cities, some in Nevshir are open to the public, including Kaymaklı, Derinkuyu, Özkonak, Mazi and Ürgüp.
These Cappadocia underground cities were built by early Christians persecuted for their faith. It is unclear as to when the Cappadocia underground cities were constructed, but the earliest Christians were believed to have settled in the area in the fourth century.
The most incredible aspects of the Cappadocia underground cities are their sheer scale and complexity. Some of these cities delve eight levels underground, with comprehensive living quarters and facilities for making grape juice, cooking, drainage and plumbing and even stables for horses. Of course, these underground cities were also vital forts, protecting their citizens, and the Cappadocia made provisions for this, including sturdy doors and even holes in the ceilings through which to pour hot oil over any intruders.
Visiting the Cappadocia underground cities is an exciting, authentic and fascinating journey. The Cappadocia underground cities have been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1985. This site also features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Turkey.

The Derinkuyu underground city (Cappadocian Greek: Ανακού) is an ancient multi-level underground city in the Derinkuyu district in Nevşehir Province, Turkey. Extending to a depth of approximately 60 m, it is large enough to have sheltered approximately 20,000 people together with their livestock and food stores. It is the largest excavated underground city in Turkey and is one of several underground complexes found across Cappadocia.
It was opened to visitors in 1969 and about half of the underground city is currently accessible to tourists.

Cappadocia Underground Cities Pics...

 View of Derinkuyu underground city

 A passage in the Underground City

 One of the heavy stone doors. They have a height of 1–1,5 m, 30–50 cm in width and weigh 200–500 kg. The hole in the centre can be used to open or close the millstone, or to see who is outside.

 'School' in the Underground City

An underground winery
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