Saturday, 28 March 2015

Calixtlahuaca - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Calixtlahuaca
Continent:    THE AMERICAS
Alt Name:     -
Country:    Mexico
Period:    Aztec
Sub-Region:    -
City/Town:    Toluca
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Toluca, Mexico City,

Calixtlahuaca history...
Calixtlahuaca near Toluca in Mexico is a well-preserved Aztec archaeological site which was once a thriving city originally home to the Matlatzinca people – the people of the Toluca Valley. The Calixtlahuaca site has a series of fascinating and impressive structures, not least of which are its vast pyramid-like temples.

Calixtlahuaca Pics...

 Temple 3 at Calixtlahuaca

 Dawn at Calixtlahuaca

 Ehécatl Temple, east stairway, first sun rays

 Monument 4, Cross Altar or Tzompantli

 East-West Orientation between the Tzompantli and Monument 4

 Monuments 5 and 6 before restoration

 Monuments 5 and 6, restored, as they look today.

 Panteon three Petrolgyphs

 Basement perimeter wall detail

 Basement perimeter wall, two constructive stages can be seen

 Residential area, Temple and stairways in the background

 Structure 17, adobe wall

 Struct. 17 - Residential Complex

 Internal Private Patio

 Structure 17 floor detail, stucco over gravel

 Structure 17, “K” stair

 ”Probe” the far back on top, first stage, the second below, the third and last in front.

 Structure 17, slope-panel

Parrish, Sacrificial Stone

Calixtlahuaca (from the Nahuatl, where calli means "house", and ixtlahuatl means "prairie" or "plains", hence the translation would be "house in the prairie")  is a Postclassic period Mesoamerican archaeological site, located near the present-day city of Toluca in the State of Mexico. Known originally as "Matlatzinco", this urban settlement was a powerful capital whose kings controlled a large territory in the Toluca Valley.

Archaeologist José García Payón excavated the monumental architecture at Calixtlahuaca in the 1930s and restored a number of temples and other buildings. Most notable are Structure 3, a circular temple dedicated to the Aztec wind god Ehecatl, and Structure 17, a large royal “palace”. The architecture and stone sculpture at the site is similar to that of other Middle to Late Postclassic period (AD 1100-1520) Aztec sites in central Mexico.
In 1930, the site had an extension of 144 hectares, today it only has 116.Between 1988 and 1998, some projects have been implemented to preserve and protect the site contents. These projects included drainage requirements, leveling of some areas, signaling, site regulations, and protection against urban growth.
In 1998, archeologist Jorge Villanueva Villalpando restored the south wall of the eastern facade of Building III, which was damaged by constant and strong storms.
In 2002 Dr. Michael E. Smith initiated a new research project at Calixtlahuaca. This project was sponsored by Arizona State University and the National Science Foundation, and fieldwork began in 2006 with a full-coverage intensive survey of the site. In 2007 a series of houses and terraces were excavated, revealing the form of life of the inhabitants of Calixtlahuaca for the first time.

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