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Wednesday, 18 March 2015

Byblos - Tour of Ancient world

Name:    Byblos
Continent:    MIDDLE-EAST
Alt Name:    Jbail
Country:    Lebanon
Period:    The Phoenicians
Sub-Region:    -
Date:     -
City/Town:    Byblos
Figure:     -
Resorts:    Byblos,


Byblos history
Byblos (Jbail) in Lebanon is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities, as attested by the incredibly diverse ages of its ruins. Thought to have first inhabited sometime around the fifth millennium BC, Byblos began as a Neolithic village of fisherman.
Over time, Byblos would, amongst other things, become a Phoenician trading hub called Gublu, be taken by Alexander the Great in 333BC, be ruled by the Greeks (this as when it acquired its current name) and then fall to Pompey, becoming a Roman city in the 1st century BC. Byblos began to decline under the Byzantines, who took it in 399AD.
Today, Byblos bears the marks of all of these civilisations. Stone Age, Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age dwelling sit side by side with a royal Phoenician necropolis and Roman sites such as a theatre, a road and nympheum. There is also a 12th century Crusader Castle, a reminder of when Byblos was conquered in 1104.
In addition to its fascinating ruins, Byblos is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site for its contribution to modern language. In particular, Byblos is connected with the Phoenicians' development of the predecessor of our alphabet. There’s plenty to see at Byblos, some in its main archaeological site, other elements dotted around its medieval town centre.

 Byblos Port

 The old souk in Byblos, Lebanon

 Old City of Byblos

 Byblos

 Terracotta jug from Byblos (now in the Louvre), Late Bronze Age (1600–1200 BC)

 The Medieval Church of St. John in Byblos, Lebanon

 Beach volleyball on Byblos's shore

Traditional Lebanese house overlooking the Mediterranean sea, Byblos. This house is within the antiquities complex and illustrates the modern ground level with respect to excavations

 
 Crusader Fort

 Museum inside the Crusader Castle in Byblos, Lebanon

 Byblos Historic Quarter

 Sultan Abdul Majid mosque in Byblos, Lebanon

 Byblos public beach

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Byblos, in Arabic Jubayl (Arabic: جبيل‎  Lebanese [ʒbejl]), is a Mediterranean city in the Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon. It is believed to have been occupied first between 8800 and 7000 BC,[1] and according to fragments attributed to the semi-legendary pre-Homeric Phoenician priest Sanchuniathon, it was built by Cronus as the first city in Phoenicia.[2] It is one of the cities suggested as the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world and the site has been continuously inhabited since 5000 BC.[3] It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.



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