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Tuesday, 6 May 2014

Berbera::Ancient City in Somalia_Part_3_Last

Climate

The city features an hot desert climate under the Köppen climate classification (BWh ). It is extraordinarily dry, averaging a little more than 50 mm of precipitation annually. The city on average sees only six days of measurable rainfall per year. Berbera is also very hot. Average high temperatures in the summer routinely exceed 40°C and can easily crack the 50°C mark. Most of the city residents are forced to seasonally migrate to the cooler inland cities during these hot times.

Demographics
Berbera has a population of around 232,500 residents. It is mainly inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Isse Muuse Habar Awal sub-clan of the Isaaq well represented.

Economy
Ship docked at the Port of Berbera.
A number of products are exported through the Berbera seaport, including sheep, gum arabic, frankincense, and myrrh. Its seaborne trade is chiefly with Aden in Yemen, 240 km/150 mi to the north. Additionally, goods from Ethiopia are also exported through the facility. The seaside boasts watersport tourist activity such as scuba diving, snorkeling, surfing and coral reefs.
 
Transportation
Berbera is the terminus of roads from Hargeisa and Burco. The city has one of Somalia's major class seaports, the Port of Berbera. It historically served as a naval and missile base for the Somali government. Following a 1972 agreement between the Siad Barre administration and the USSR, the port's facilities were patronized by the Soviets. The Berbera seaport was later expanded for U.S. military use, after the Somali authorities strengthened ties with the American government.For air transportation, the city is served by the Berbera Airport. It has an extensive 4,140 m (13,582 ft) runway.

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