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Sunday, 18 May 2014

Alexandria::Ancient City in Egypt_Part_5

Transport

Airports
Alexandria is served by Alexandria International Airport and Borg al Arab Airport which is located about 25 km (16 mi) away from city center.
From late 2011, Alexandria International will be closed to commercial operations for two years as it undergoes expansion, with all airlines operating out of Borg al Arab Airport from then onwards, where a brand new terminal was completed in February 2010.
 
Highways
 The International coastal road. (Alexandria - Port Said)
 The Desert road. (Alexandria - Cairo /220 km (137 mi) 6-8 lanes, mostly lit)
 The Agricultural road. (Alexandria - Cairo)
 The Circular road. the turnpike
 Ta'ameer Road "Mehwar El-Ta'ameer" - (Alexandria - North Coast)
 
Rail
Alexandria's intracity commuter rail system extends from Misr Station (Alexandria's primary intercity railway station) to Abu Qir, parallel to the tram line. The commuter line's locomotives operate on diesel, as opposed to the overhead-electric tram.
Alexandria plays host to two intercity railway stations: the aforementioned Misr Station (in the older Manshia district in the western part of the city) and Sidi Gaber Station (in the district of Sidi Gaber in the center of the eastern expansion in which most Alexandrines reside), both of which also serve the commuter rail line. Intercity passenger service is operated by Egyptian National Railways.
 
Tram
Main article: Alexandria Tram
An extensive tramway network was built in 1860 and is the oldest in Africa. The tram network begins at alraml district in the west and ends in the Victoria district in the east. Most of the vehicles are blue in color. Some smaller vehicles colored in yellow have further routes beyond the two main endpoints. The trams are given one of four numbers: 1, 2, 5, and 6. All the four start at Alraml, but only two (1 and 2) reach Victoria. On the length of the track there are two converging and diverging points. The first starts at Bolkly (Isis) and ends at San Stefano. The other begins at Sporting the Major and ends at Mostafa Kamel. Route 5 starts at San Stefano and takes the inner route to Bolkly. Route 6 starts at Sidi Gaber El Sheikh in the outer route between Sporting and Mostatfa Kamel. Route 1 takes the inner route between San Stefano and Bolkly and the outer route between Sporting and Mostafa Kamel. Route 2 takes the route opposite to Route 1 in both these areas. The tram fares are 25 piastres (0.25 pounds) during most of the day, and 50 piastres (0.50 pounds) after midnight. Some trams (that date back the 30s) charge a pound. The Tram is considered the cheapest method of public transport.
 
Buses
Public buses are operated by Alexandria Governorate's Agency for Public Passenger Transport.
Modern air conditioned red double-decker buses run the length of the Courniche. Fare (any distance) is 3 L.E. (Egyptian pound) (£0.33/€0.39/$0.52) (as of January 2011).
 
Taxis and minibuses
See also: Taxicabs by country § Egypt
Taxis in Alexandria sport a yellow-and-black livery and are widely available. While Egyptian law requires all cabs to carry meters, these generally do not work and fares must be negotiated with the driver on either departure or arrival.
The minibus share taxi system, or mashrū` operates along well-known traffic arteries. The routes can be identified by both their endpoints and the route between them:
  •  Corniche routes:
  •  Mandara-Bahari
  •  Mandara-Manshia
  •  Assafra-Bahari
  •  Assafra-Manshia
  •  Al-Sa'aa-Manshia
  •  Abu Qir routes
  •  Mandara-El Mahata (i.e. Misr Station)
  •  Abu Qir-El Mahata
  •  Victoria-El Mahata
  •  Mandara-Victoria
  •  Interior routes
  •  Cabo-Bahari
  •  Manshia-El Awayid
  •  Manshia-Al Mouqif Al Gadid (the New Bus Station)
  •  Hadara-El Mahata
The route is generally written in Arabic on the side of the vehicle, although some drivers change their route without changing the paint. Some drivers also drive only a segment of a route rather than the whole path; such drivers generally stop at a point known as a major hub of the transportation system (for example, Victoria) to allow riders to transfer to another car or to another mode of transport.
Fare is generally L.E. 1.25 to travel the whole route. Shorter trips may have a lower fare, depending on the driver and the length of the trip.
 
Port

Alexandria hosts Four harbors; namely the Western Harbor, which is the main harbor of the country that handles about 60% of the country’s exports and imports, El Dekhiela Harbor west of the Western Harbor, the Eastern Harbor which is a fishing and yachting harbor, and Abu Qir Harbor at the northern east of the governorate. It is commercial harbor for general cargo and phosphates.


 Jewish girls during Bat Mitzva in Alexandria

 Collège Saint Marc

 Lycée Al-Horreya, Alexandria

 Alexandria tram

 Misr Station

 Double decker bus

Alexandria harbour.



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