Monday, 14 April 2014

Faiyum::Ancient City in Egypt-Part 2

Pharaonic Fayoum

Ahnasia ancient capital of Fayoum . It was part of the Fayoum province twenty provinces of Upper Egypt. As increased area became the « shedt» means reclaimed land as it was named « Barr Sobek » means house alligator to the presence of crocodiles in Lake Fayoum because the god Sobek, any crocodile, was worshiped in Fayoum In the era of the Twelfth Dynasty from 1891 until 1778 BC. AD . 

Since 3200 years BC . M. capital was Ahnasia where King Menes work bund in front of slot Agon stone above the bottom of the Sea of Joseph. The kings of the Third Dynasty get the stones from the mountain " el-qatrani" to use in paving the Temple of the Great Pyramid in 2600 BC. M. At the beginning of the dynastic era featured some of the villages east of the low where the inhabitants are human shores of Lake Morris and work in agriculture and fishing., And when increased space reclaimed by becoming name ( Bur Sobek ) Any alligator house to the large presence of crocodiles logic

Modern city

Faiyum has several large bazaars, mosques,baths and a much-frequented weekly market. The canal called Bahr Yussef runs through the city, its banks lined with houses. There are two bridges over the river: one of three arches, which carries the main street and bazaar, and one of two arches, over which is built the Qaitbay mosque, that was a gift from his wife to honor the Mamluk Sultan in Fayoum. Mounds north of the city mark the site of Arsinoe, known to the ancient Greeks as Crocodilopolis, where in ancient times the sacred crocodile kept in Lake Moeris was worshipped.The center of the city is on the canal, with the four waterwheels, that are adopted by the governorate of Fayoum as its national symbol, their chariots and bazaars are easy to spot.

Faiyum mummy portraits

Portrait of a man, ca. 125-150 AD. Encaustic on wood; 37 cm × 20 cm (15 in × 8 in)
Faiyum is the source of some famous death masks or mummy portraits painted during the Roman occupation of the area. The Egyptians continued their practice of burying their dead, despite the Roman preference for cremation. While under the control of the Roman Empire, Egyptian death masks were painted on wood in a pigmented wax technique called encaustic—the Faiyum mummy portraits represent this technique. While commonly believed to represent Greek settlers in Egypt, the Faiyum portraits instead reflect the complex synthesis of the predominant Egyptian culture and that of the elite Greek minority in the city.

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